Ford Model T assembly plant

An old industrial building at 660 Lincoln Avenue, now used for office space by Children’s Hospital and bearing its logo, is visible from I71 as the highway reaches the top of the hill from downtown Cincinnati. The building began its life in 1914 as an assembly plant for the Model T Ford. During the last[…]

Eden Park after Reconstruction: Presidents, Politics and Forestry

The 1882 Arbor Day celebration intersected with other history around the end of Reconstruction. It was as much an occasion for forgetting as for remembering – forgetting the Civil War and remembering a longer shared American history, reintegrating the states of the southern rebellion into the Union. The chance meeting of Col. A. E. Jones[…]

Construction After Reconstruction: Eden Park Filtration Testing

The Water Works in Eden Park served as the testing site for one of the most important innovations in water treatment during the progressive era.  George Warren Fuller, one of the founders of modern sanitary water treatment, did tests just below the Eden Park Reservoir, developing the exiting new technique of “Rapid Sand Filtration.” The[…]

Construction during Reconstruction: Mt. Auburn Reservoir

In 1867, Cincinnati began construction of the new reservoir in Eden Park, Walnut Hills, to provide a generous, high-pressure supply of water to the residents and businesses in the city’s basin. Yet the established community in Mt. Auburn, and the scattered residents of Walnut Hills south of McMillan Street around the Episcopal Church of the[…]

Construction during Reconstruction: Eden Park Reservoir Effluent Pipe

Walnut Hills, behind Mt Adams as seen from downtown Cincinnati, faces the Ohio River on one side and the Deer Creek ravine down to the city in the basin on the other. The new Eden Park reservoir, with the first half filled in 1875, lay on the river side, convenient for pumping water in from[…]

Construction during Reconstruction: Front Street Pumping Station

Lifting water requires a lot of work. An elevated reservoir stores both water and the work required to lift the water. The siting of the new reservoir in Walnut Hills provided not only lots of water, but lots of water pressure, for the city expanding up from the river front. (We shall see that settlement[…]

Construction during Reconstruction: Eden Park Reservoir Influent Pipe

The Eden Park Reservoir Project began in 1866 with the construction of huge retaining walls to support the reservoir. A second front was opened in order to bring water from the river to the reservoir — the “influent pipe”. The Water Works had since the 1820’s pumped its supply from the Ohio River just upstream[…]

Construction during Reconstruction: Eden Park Reservoir Walls

Cincinnati’s topography, with the original city in the river basin expanding to increasing elevations up the surrounding hills, presented a problem for the design of water supplies. The Queen City actually had a municipal water supply from the 1830’s, quite a progressive public service. The most basic principle of hydraulic engineering is that water flows[…]

Construction After Reconstruction: Eden Park Pump House and Water Tower

Before leaving aside the Eden Park Reservoir to consider other construction in Walnut Hills during Reconstruction, we’ll pause to consider a couple of other Water Works projects in the Park carried out later in the nineteenth century. The Reservoir had plenty of capacity for the city’s needs, but that water of course had to be[…]