The Great Migration

In the nineteenth century, both before and after the Civil War, most African Americans lived in the rural South. Cincinnati had a relatively high African American population for a Northern city at about 5% in the early twentieth century, and the population grew by nearly a third in the first decade of that century to[…]

James H. Robinson, Sr.

James Robinson was born in Sharpsburg, Kentucky in 1887. He attended Fisk University, one of the premier Historically Black Colleges, founded in Nashville Tennessee in 1866. Robinson graduated from Fisk in 1911. He then enrolled at Yale University. He spent a year completing a second bachelor’s degree in 1912 and began to study sociology in[…]

Low Cost Housing History – Washington Terrace Community

The Washington Terrace Apartment Complex built by Jacob Schmidlapp’s Model Homes Company west of Gilbert and south of Blair was built on vacant land that was until that time a usually dry creek, without much in the way of city services. Model Homes sought to provide the community with park and playground space in the[…]

Frederick Douglass School performance, 1916

After the passage of the Arnett Law requiring school integration in 1877, the (white) Cincinnati School Board closed the Eastern and Western District Colored Common Schools downtown. The students in those schools were placed in the mostly white public schools, with all white teachers. The more affluent African American community in Walnut Hills managed to[…]