Frederick Alms

Frederick Alms, a native Cincinnatian born in 1839, graduated from Woodward High School and began to work for an uncle in the dry goods business. He heard Abraham Lincoln’s “bugle blast” in 1861 and enlisted in the Union Army, along with his cousin William Doepke. Their regiment, the Sixth Ohio Volunteers, saw hard service in[…]

Benjamin W. Arnett

Benjamin W. Arnett, a free African American born in Pennsylvania in 1838, moved to Walnut Hills in 1867 to pastor Brown Chapel, the AME church organized in educator Peter Clark’s home. Arnett stayed at Brown Chapel through 1870; he occupied many pulpits in Ohio, including long service at Cincinnati’s much larger Allen Temple at Sixth[…]

Black Teachers during Reconstruction

Reconstruction presented a brief, brilliant decade of tremendous progress and optimism for the four million African American citizens of the US. Cincinnati’s Colored John I. Gaines High School and its Normal School for training teachers, under the leadership of Black Walnut Hills resident Peter Clark, made significant contributions to the creation of new schools for the[…]

Cincinnati Black Brigade

Black Walnut Hills resident Peter Clark wrote the earliest history of Cincinnati’s Black Brigade formed during the Civil War in late 1862. This service came a number of months before the large-scale recruitment of the Contrabands, enslaved people who liberated themselves by moving behind Union army lines, beginning in 1863. Clark’s account forms the core[…]