Cincinnati Black Brigade

Black Walnut Hills resident Peter Clark wrote the earliest history of Cincinnati’s Black Brigade formed during the Civil War in late 1862. This service came a number of months before the large-scale recruitment of the Contrabands, enslaved people who liberated themselves by moving behind Union army lines, beginning in 1863. Clark’s account forms the core[…]

Cincinnati Colored Public Schools

The city of Cincinnati, following Ohio law, set aside the education taxes on African American held properties for “Colored Public Schools” beginning in the 1850’s. Black men elected the school board, the only election in which they could vote. Peter Clark, later a Walnut Hills resident, served as the first teacher; it required a lawsuit[…]