Sarah Gibson Jones

Many African Americans in Cincinnati before the Civil War arrived responsible for their own freedom. Many had found ways as enslaved people to purchase their own freedom. Many more arrived when Black family members or friends purchased their freedom for them. Still others were descended from free people in the North. But there were always[…]

Black Teachers during Reconstruction

Reconstruction presented a brief, brilliant decade of tremendous progress and optimism for the four million African American citizens of the US. Cincinnati’s Colored John I. Gaines High School and its Normal School for training teachers, under the leadership of Black Walnut Hills resident Peter Clark, made significant contributions to the creation of new schools for the[…]